Aleksandar Jugović

  • Adresa: /
  • Email: /
  • Telefon: /
  • LinkedIn: /

Fakultet za specijalnu rehabilitaciju u edukaciju, Univerzitet u Beogradu.

PERIODIKA

ČOVEK I SISTEM: NEKI ASPEKTI ZNAČAJA STRUKTURALNOG FUNKCIONALIZMA ZA ISTRAŽIVANJA U SOCIJALNOJ POLITICI I SOCIJALNOM RADU

Članak se bavi nekim teorijsko-metodološkim doprino­sima strukturalnog funkcionalizma za socijalna istraživanja u polju socijalne politike i socijalnog rada. U radu se ukazuje na izvore i osnove Parsonsove i Mertonove teorije društva i čoveka, u čijim su fokusima pitanja konstitucije i integracije savremenog društva. Metodološki doprinosi Parsonsa socijalnim istraživanjima jesu razvijanje sistematizovanog analitičkog modela društva i definicije koje mogu predstavljati pojmovnohipotetički okvir ovim istraživanjima. Doprinosi Mertona su ideje teorije srednjeg obima, razlikovanja manifestnih od latentnih društvenih funkcija, paradigma za funkcionalnu analizu društvenih pojava i teorija socijalnih problema i anomije. Kri­tike značaja Parsonsovog i Mertonovog strukturalnog funkcio­nalizma u socijalnim istraživanjima jesu epistemološke, antropološke, teorijske i ideološke prirode.

PERIODIKA

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF CHILD WELFARE IN SERBIA, CROATIA AND BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA

The aim of this paper is to analyze, through comparative per­spective, current systems of child welfare in transitional societies of the Southeast Europe: Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. In this paper we used historical, comparative and statistic method. Socio-po­litical characteristics of these states are: mutual history of child wel­fare systems, transitional metamorphosis of society and social policy, European perspectives and the need for upgraded child welfare. Gavrilovićs point out the common past of child welfare systems of these states. In the main part of this work comparative methods are used to analyze current characteristics of child welfare in Serbia, Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. Family and child support measures are taken in­to account, with special emphasis on child maintenance, maternity and parental leave and services of specialized children’s institutions. Child welfare is analyzed in the context of transitional changes that the Sout­heast European states are undergoing. Analysis of the three basic forms of finacial support of families with children showed that transitional changes substantially reduced the number of children benefiting from child maintenance and even more reduced its amount. Maternity leave is recognized as an important measure in family and population policy in all three states, but there are lack of means, compensation amount is under constant pressure to be lowered.

ç