Tema broja

IZAZOVI REFORME SOCIJALNE POLITIKE I SOCIJALNE ZAŠTITE

UTICAJ SOCIOKULTUROLOŠKIH FAKTORA NA ALKOHOLIZAM

Sažetak

Kako se istorija menjala, tako je svako vreme, mesto i svaka kultura imala precizno ispisane „kanoneˮ konzumiranja pića; od prvih naseobina iz kamenog doba, do velikih dvorana za gozbe u staroj Grčkoj, ili čuvenih kafeterija iz vremena prosvetiteljstva. Povezivanje alkoholnih pića sa alkoholizmom nije retka pojava. Sa stanovišta savremenog društva podrazumeva vrlo široku oblast koja se može posmatrati na različitim nivoima. Uključujući stručna lica iz mnogobrojnih naučnih oblasti sam pojam „alkoholizamˮ ostavlja prostora da se preispituje i istražuje kako bi se utvrdilo njegovo pravilno značenje i postavka u jednom sistemu. Jedno od glavnih pitanja koje se postavlja jeste kako determinisanu pojavu okarakterisati kao sui generis pojavu, ako se vodimo naučnim spisima i onim što nam je ponuđeno od strane stručnjaka? Iz ovog okvira ne može se izostaviti ni sociokulturna percepcija koja predstavlja „stvarnostˮ oko koje se postavlja pitanje alkoholizma i svega onoga što je čini kompetentnom za studioznije istraživanje i analizu. Analizom velikog broja komparativnih istraživanja dolazi se do zaključka da konzumacija alkohola kao i sam alkoholizam zaista jesu u najvećoj meri tvorevine kulture i stvar kulturološke percepcije. Iz tog razloga na to se mora obratiti pažnja i u zakonskim odredbama kao i u tretmanima lečenja ukoliko želimo da oni budu delotvorni u potpunosti.

Ključne reči:

Reference

    1. Dragišić M. Labaš, Slađana, „Alkoholizam u porodici i porodica u alkoholizmu”, Čigoja, Beograd, 2012.
    2. Dwight ,Heath, International Handbook on Alcohol and Culture, Greenwood Press, Westport, 1995.
    3. Houghton, Eleni, Roche, M. Ann, Learning about drinking, International Center for Alcohol Policies, Series on Alcohol in Society, Brunner-routledge, Philadelphia, 2001.
    4. Stanković, Zoran, Begović, Dejan, Alkoholizam od prve do poslednje čaše, Terapijski priručnik, Kreativni centar, KREATIVNI CENTAR, Beograd, 2005.
    5. Järvinen, Margaretha, Room, Robin, Youth drinking culture, European experiences, Ashgate, November, 2007.
    6. Marshall, Мac, Social thought, cultural belief and alcohol, Journal of Drug Issues, 1985.
    7. Assunta, Mary, Impact of alcohol consumption on Asia, Institute of Alcohol Studies, The Globe, Issue 4, 2001.
    8. Bennett, Linda A., Campillo, Carlos, Chandrashekar, C.R., Gureje, Oye, Alcoholic beverage consumption in India, Mexico, and Nigeria, ACross – cultural comparison, Alcohol Health Res World, 1998.
    9. Bloomfield, Kim, Stockwell, Tim, Gerhard, Gmel, Rehn, Nina, International Comparasions of Alcohol Consumption, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, vol. 27, No. 1, 2003.
    10. Bjarnason, Thoroddur, Andersson, Barbro, Choquet, Marie, Elekes, Zsuzsanna, Morgan, Mark,  Rapinett, Gertrude, Alcohol Culture, Family Structure and Adolescent Alcohol Use: Multilevel Modeling of Frequency of Heavy Drinking among 15-16 Year Old Students in 11 European Countries,  Department of Sociology, 2002., доступно на: http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/6758/1/25812738_Alcohol_culture_family_structure_Biarnason_T.pdf
    11. Caetano, Raul, Clark, L. Catherine, Tam, Tammy, Alcohol consumption among racial/ethnic minorities, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Vol. 22, No. 4, 1998.
    12. Davis, F. James, The History of Alcoholism in America, Loyola Marimount University, 2011., http://www.recoveryfirst.org/the-history-of-alcoholism-in-america.html/
    13. Hope, Ann, Ramstedt, Mats, The Irish drinking culture – Drinking and drinking-related harm, a European comparison, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs, Department of Health and Children, 2004.
    14. Johnson, C. Ronald, Nagoshi, T. Craig, Asians, Asian-Americans and Alcohol, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, September, 2014.
    15. Mandelbaum, David G., Alcohol and Culture, Current Antropology, June 1965., pp. 281 – 292.
    16. Michalak, Laurence, Troicki, Karen, Alcohol and Islam – an overview, Contemporary Drug Problems, 2006, доступно на: https://www.yumpu.com/en/document/view/11458463/alcohol-and-islam-an-overview
    17. McDonald, M., A social-anthropological view of gender, drink and drugs. In M. McDonald (ed.), Gender, Drink and Drugs. Oxford: Berg., 1994.
    18. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Etnicity, Culture and Alcohol, 2002.,
    19. Rehn, Nina, Room, Robin, Edwards, Griffith, Alcohol in the European Region – consumption, harm and policies, World Health Organization, 2001.
    20. Social Issues Research Centre, Social and Cultural Aspects of Drinking – A report to the European Commission, March 1998.
    21. Tilki, Mary, The social contexts of drinking among Irish men in London: Evidence from a qualitative study, Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 2006.
    22. Wilkinson, Kate, Is Africa the drunk continent? How Time Magazine ignored the data, Africa Check, August 2013., https://africacheck.org/reports/is-africa-the-drunk-continent-how-time-ignored-the-data/
PERIODIKA Socijalna politika 1/2015 УДК 613.81:316.72 69-87
ç