Tema broja

KINA U SAVREMENIM SVETSKIM ODNOSIMA

TRGOVINSKI RAT IZMEĐU SJEDINJENIH AMERIČKIH DRŽAVA I KINE I URUŠAVANJE SVETSKE TRGOVINSKE ORGANIZACIJE

Sažetak

Rad je podstaknut trgovinskim ratom SAD i Kine i, kao jedna od posledica tog rata, urušavanjem multilateralnog trgovinskog sistema otelotvorenog u Svetskoj trgovinskoj organizaciji (STO). Opšta hipoteza je da je trgovinski rat prisilio STO da započne reformu. Posebne hipoteze su: 1. da se trgovinski rat SAD sa Kinom rasplamsao zbog neadekvatnosti STO da reši trgovinske tenzije 2. da je Trampova administracija svojim potezima dovela do blokiranja rada Apelacionog tela; 3. da je blokada Apelacionog tela, uz već prisutni zastoj Doha runde, iznudila zvanične predloge za reformom ove organizacije. Cilj rada je da se, primenom kritičko-analitičkog metoda, ispitaju trgovinski potezi SAD, analiziraju mere, dokumenti i statistički podaci i utvrdi uzročno-posledična veza trgovinskog rata i početka reforme STO. Rad započinje sa merama Trampove administracije u okviru politike „Amerika prvo“, zatim ukazuje na slabosti u radu STO, a potom na porast carina, protekcionizma i paralizu rada STO, i na kraju je analiza predloga tri države za reformu STO. U radu se došlo do zaključka da je trgovinski rat, osim svojih razarajućih posledica po stabilnost i predvidljivost trgovanja, doveo i do konačnog suočavanja sa problemima funkcionisanja STO i do početka procesa reformi.

Ključne reči:

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PERIODIKA Nacionalni interes 2/2020 2/2020 УДК 339.548(73:510):339.54:061.1(100) 145-171
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