Tema broja

KINA U SAVREMENIM SVETSKIM ODNOSIMA

EKONOMSKI I TEHNOLOŠKI USPON KINE KAO VESNIK NOVE GLOBALNE GEOPOLITIČKE KONSTELACIJE

Sažetak

Tehnološki napredak koji je Kina uspela da postigne u poslednje dve decenije, čini je daleko najozbiljnijim izazivačem za globalnu hegemoniju sa kojim su se dve anglosaksonske zemlje (prvo Britanija, a zatim SAD) susrele u poslednja skoro tri veka. Uporedo sa trenutnim trgovinskim ratom, SAD i Kina su zapletene u rastuću konkurenciju radi dominacije u različitim poljima tehnologije sledeće generacije, pre svega 5G mrežama i veštačkoj inteligenciji (AI). Suštinski, nadmetanje je oko toga ko će kontrolisati infrastrukturu i standarde informacione tehnologije na globalnom nivou. Peking je pripremio brojne planove, kao što je “Made in China 2025”, sa ciljem da dominira u oblasti globalne ‘high-tech’ proizvodnje, sa idejom da Kinu pretvori u svetskog lidera u 5G, AI i drugim oblastima visoke tehnologije.

Ključne reči:

Reference

    • Ang, Y. (2020). The Four Paths of US-China Relations. South China Morning Post, Aug 28, 2020 https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/us-china-leadership-scenarios-in-future-by-yuen-yuen-ang-2020-08.
    • Arduino, A. (2020). Cryptocurrency: the next battleground in the US-China rivalry. South China Morning Post, 7 Sep, 2020. https://www.scmp.com/week-asia/opinion/article/3100330/cryptocurrency-next-battleground-us-china-rivalry
    • Austin, G.  (2020). Can there be any winners in the US¬–China ‘tech war’? IISS, January, 20, 2020. https://www.iiss.org/blogs/analysis/2020/01/csfc-any-winners-in-the-us-china-tech-war
    • Brown, d. (2020). Why US dollar bears should watch out for November’s presidential election. South China Morning Post, 7 Sep, 2020. https://www.scmp.com/comment/opinion/article/3100472/why-us-dollar-bears-should-watch-out-novembers-presidential
    • Chhabra, T., Doshi, R., Hass, R., and Kimball, E. (2020). Brookings, April 2020. Global China: Technology. https://www.brookings.edu/research/global-china-technology/
    • Dutta, S., Lanvin, B., and Wunsch-Vincent, S. (2020). The Global Innovation Index (GII) 2020: Who Will Finance Innovation? WIPO, Cornell University, and INSEAD. file:///C:/Users/goran/Downloads/gii-full-report-2020.pdf
    • Ekrem, J. (2020).  China’s historic rise in science and tech stirs criticism. International News, 6 Apr 2020. https://sciencebusiness.net/international-news/chinas-historic-rise-science-and-tech-stirs-criticism
    • IMF. (2019). World Economic Outlook Database – October 2019 (IMF staff estimates)
    • IMF (2020). WORLD ECONOMIC OUTLOOK UPDATE – June 2020. file:///C:/Users/goran/Downloads/WEOENG202006%20(2).pdf
    • Jun, Z. (2020). China’s Rapid Shift to a Digital Economy, Project-Syndicate, Sep 7, 2020 https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/china-digital-economy-transformation-pandemic-by-zhang-jun-2020-09?a
    • Lardy, N., and Huang, T. (2020a). Rising foreign investment in Chinese stocks and bonds shows deepening financial integration. PIIE, July 6, 2020. https://www.piie.com/research/piie-charts/rising-foreign-investment-chinese-stocks-and-bonds-shows-deepening-financial
    • Lardy, N., and Huang, T. (2020b). Despite the rhetoric US China financial decoupling is not happening. PIIE, July 2, 2020. https://www.piie.com/blogs/china-economic-watch/despite-rhetoric-us-china-financial-decoupling-not-happening
    • Nikolić, G., Petrović, P. (2020). Očekivane tendencije BDP-a tri vodeće globalne ekonomije tokom 2020-ih: Da li je rebalans (geo)ekonomske moći na pomolu?, Ekonomski horizonti, Maj – Avgust 2020, Volumen 22, Sveska 2, 159 – 171 UDC: 33 ISSN: 1450-863 X
    • Nikolić, G., Petrović, P. (2020b). Trgovinsko-tehnološki rat Amerike i Kine kao početak novog hladnog rata? Nacionalni interes, br. 37, I/2020, str. 135-162. Institut za političkе studije, Beograd.
    • OECD (2020). OECD Main Science and Technology Indicators Database, 28 February 2020. http://oe.cd/msti
    • Pavlićević, D. (2016). Debunking four myths about China’s “16+1” platform with Central and Eastern Europe. The Diplomat, June 16, 2016. http://thediplomat.com/2016/06/china-in-central-and-eastern-europe-4-myths/
    • Prasad, E. (2020). China’s Digital Currency Will Rise but Not Rule. Project-Syndicate, August 25, 2020. https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/china-digital-currency-will-not-threaten-dollar-by-eswar-prasad-2020-08?a_la=english&a_d=5f450f5d81c6505194b710f7&a_m=&a_a=click&a_s=&a_p=%2Fsection%2Feconomics&a_li=china-digital-currency-will-not-threaten-dollar-by-eswar-prasad-2020-08&a_pa=section-commentaries&a_ps=&a_ms=&a_r=
    • SCMP Editorial (2020). China benefits from tech moves in crisis. South China Morning Post,  9 Jul, 2020  https://www.scmp.com/comment/opinion/article/3092536/china-benefits-tech-moves-crisis.
    • UK Research and Innovation Agency (2018). Research Landscape in China. https://www.ukri.org/research/international/ukri-international-offices/ukri-china/research-landscape-in-china/
    • Yeung, E. (2020). Tech war between China and the US does not need to have just one winner. South China Morning Post, 9 Jul, 2020. https://www.scmp.com/business/article/3092140/tech-war-between-china-and-us-does-not-need-have-just-one-winner.
PERIODIKA Nacionalni interes 2/2020 2/2020 УДК 330.341.1(510):[327::911.3 121-144
ç