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MEĐUNARODNE TEME

AFRIKA I GLOBALIZACIJA: NEOLIBERALIZAM I ,,NOVO“ OTKRIVANjE AFRIKE U DUHU NEOKOLONIJALIZMA

Sažetak

Afrika je dugo bila neopravdano zanemarivana u teorijskim razmatranjima koja se bave međunarodnim odnosima. Jedna od najdominantnijih percepcija koje su se širile jeste da se na afrički kontinent gleda kao na celinu, zaboravljajući da njega čini više od pedeset država sa svim svojim specifičnostima. To je u velikoj meri doprinosilo zagovornicima imperijalizma i marginalizaciji značaja afričkih zemalja. Sa druge strane, afričke zemlje su se uključivale u globalne tokove pre svega bilateralno, a na osnovu procena sopstvenih nacionalnih interesa, zanemarujući pritom činjenicu da bi mnogo više postigle jedinstvenim nastupom prema ostatku sveta, poput zemalja Latinske Amerike. Autori u radu sagledavaju položaj afričkih zemalja kroz prizmu neoliberalizma. Osnovna pretpostavka kojom se autori rukovode jeste da su afričke zemlje time što su stekle nezavisnost i dalje ostale pod uticajem stranih faktora koji su ih na mnogo suptilnije načine doveli u neokolonijalni položaj. Sam rad se sastoji iz dva dela. U prvom delu autori analiziraju mitologizaciju afričkog kontinenta kojom su se vešto koristile imperijalne sile kako bi opravdale svoju vlast na ovim prostorima tokom istorije, dok se u drugom delu analizira položaj afričkih zemalja u odnosu na druge značajne međunarodne aktere, a pre svega Sjedinjene Američke Države, Rusiju, Kinu i Evropsku uniju.

Ključne reči:

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Politička revija 4/2021 4/2021 УДК 327::325.3(6) 253-269
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