OGLEDI I STUDIJE
A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF DEMOCRATISATION PROCESS IN MEXICO AND POLAND
The object analysis of this paper is comparison of democratisation process that occurred in two countries Mexico and Poland. Beside common political past and authoritarian nature-character of previous regime, those countries are different in almost every aspect: geographical position, history, culture and politics. The aim of this paper it to discover the similarities and differences of democratisation process as well as to find to which degree democratisation is a universal process. During the twenty century many countries with previously nondemocratic regimes transformed itself into democracies. That process simultaneously occurred on distant continents and concerned countries with totally different political and economical regimes. The main reason of studying transition is to uncover the conditions and paths that had led to political democracy. The main purpose of the paper it to analyse and compare democratisation process in Mexico and Poland in the context of wider democratisation theories. The period of reforms between the authoritarian regime and fully democratic state is called in literature democratisation or transformation and should be analysed on two levels. The first one, the institutional, concerns changes in political and economical system. The second one, the societal, relates to modifications inside society, the impact of institutional changes on political culture of both, ruling elite and opposition.
- Anderson John, Does God matter, and if so whose God? religion and democratization, Democratization, vol.11 No.4 (2004).
- Bernhard Michael, Civic Society after First Transformation: Dilemmas of Post-communist Democratization in Poland and Beyond, Communist and Post-Communist Studies, Vol.29, No.3 (1996).
- Borowik Irena, The Roman Catholic Church in the Process of Democratic Transformation: The Case of Poland, Social Compass, Vol.49, No.2 (2002).
- Bruhn Kathleen and Daniel Levy, Mexico: Sustained Civilian Rule Without Democracy, in Larry Diamond and Juan Linz (eds), Politics in Developing Countries: Comparing Experiences With Democracy, Rienner Publisher, 1995.
- Camp Ai Roderic, Democracy in Latin America: Patterns and Cycles, Scholarly Resources Inc., 1995.
- Carothers Thomas, Critical mission: essays on democracy promotion, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2004.
- Crandall Russell, Mexico ’s Domestic Economy, in Russell Crandall, Guadalupe Paz and Riordan Roett, Mexico ’s Democracy at Work: Political and Economic Dynamics, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2005.
- Dahl Robert, Polyarchy: Participation and Opposition, Yale University Press, 1971.
- Dillon Samuel and Julia Preston, Opening Mexico: The Making of a Democracy, Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2004.
- Hagopian Frances and Scott P. Mainwaring (edc.), The third wave of democratization in Latin America. Advances and setbacks, Cambridge University Press, 2005.
- Huntington P. Samuel, Will More Countries Become Democratic?, Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 99, No. 2 (1984), pp. 193-218.
- Huntington P. Samuel, The third wave: democratisation in the late twentieth century, University of Oklahoma Press, 1991.
- Linz Juan and Alfred Stepan, Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation: Southern Europe, South America and Post-Communist Europe, John Hopkins University Press, 1996.
- Lukowski Jerzy and Hubert Zawadzki, A Concise History of Poland, Cambridge University Press, 2006.
- Karl Lynn Terry, Dilemmas of Democratization in Latin America, Comparative Politics, Vol. 23, No. 1 (1990).
- Krauze Enrique, Furthering Democracy in Mexico, Foreign Affairs, January/February 2006.
- Mendez Patricia and Alejandro Moreno, Attitudes toward democracy: Mexico in comparative perspective, International Journal of Comparative Sociology, December 2002.
- Morris Stephen, Political Reformism in Mexico: An Overview of Contemporary Mexican Politics, Lynn Rienner, 1995.
- O’Donnell Guillermo and Philippe Schmitter and Laurence Whitehead, Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Latin America, The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986.
- O’Donnell Guillermo and Philippe Schmitter and Laurence Whitehead Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Tentative Conclusions about Uncertain Democracies, The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986.
- Padgett L.Vincent, The Mexican Political System, Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1976.
- Papaioannou Elias and Gregorios Siourounis, Economic and social factors driving the third wave of Democratization, Journal of Comparative Economics vol. 36 (2008).
- Przeworski Adam, Democracy and the Market; Political and Economic Reforms in Eastern Europe and Latin America, Cambridge University Press, 1991.
- Rustow A. Dankwart, Transition to Democracy: Toward a Dynamic Model, Comparative Politics, Vol.2, No.3 (1970), pp.337-363.
- The democratic transition in Mexico and Latin America in the late 20th Century, Economia y Sociedad, ano/vol 10, numero 016, Julio-Diciembre 2005.