Sandra Božić

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Higher Security and Defense Studies, University of Defense

PERIODICS

THE INFLUENCE OF THE GREAT POWERS ON THE NATIONAL INTERESTS OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA

The topic of this work refers to the examination of the influence of great powers on the national interests of the Republic of Serbia for the purpose of analysing the strategic environment that precedes the definition of a deterrence strategy under conditions of military neutrality. National interests are best understood as fundamental and enduring needs, desires, or streams that help determine the goals of national security policy.

National interests and their importance can be categorized in different ways and are most often considered in a practical sense as existential, vital and others. For the Republic of Serbia and the majority of the Serbian people, the national interest in preserving sovereignty and territorial independence, which is threatened by the illegal declaration of independence of AP KiM, represents the greatest threat to freedom and independence as basic national values. The defence of AP KiM and its preservation in the constitutional and legal order of the Republic of Serbia is an existential national interest, the realization of which requires the engagement of all instruments of the national power of the Republic of Serbia. A negative influence on the realization of this interest comes from the external and internal environment. In accordance with the above, and taking into account the limitations in the requirements for the preparation, the paper focuses on the basic question: how do great powers affect the existential national interest of the Republic of Serbia? 

In the theoretical-methodological approach, a theoretical analysis of the terms national interests and values was used, a classification of national interests was carried out based on modified analytical approaches, and the relationship between the influence of great powers on the existential national interest of the Republic of Serbia was examined. The results of the research indicate that, despite changes in the geopolitical environment that indicate the emergence of a multipolar world, the actions of major powers have a predominantly negative impact on the existential national interest. Such a fact requires the search for measures to reduce strategic risk in order to mitigate and eliminate the negative effects of the actions of the great powers and to connect Serbian national interests with the interests of powers that have a positive impact on the national security interests of the Republic of Serbia.

PERIODICS

THE CONCEPT OF TOTAL DEFENSE IN THE DETERRENCE STRATEGY OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA

The subject of this article refers to the examination of the convenience of the concept of total defense as a basis for designing a defense system in the function of strategic deterrence of the Republic of Serbia. The existing defense system was supposed to be based on the concept of total defense, which has not been defined, verified and generally accepted since the Republic of Serbia was founded. In accordance with the above, the question arises: whether the existing way of organizing and functioning of the defense system corresponds to the requirements of strategic deterrence. The starting point in this paper is the position that the defense system, without a previously defined and generally accepted concept of total defense, may not be fully efficient and effective in creating a credible and persuasive threat in the function of strategic deterrence. The results of the research indicate that in order to develop the necessary defenece forces capabilities and their use for strategic deterrence, it is necessary to first develop the concept of total defense. Through the development process, it is possible to achieve full agreement of all forces on their tasks, methods of engagement and associated risks. Also, with the concept of total defense, it is possible to determine measures and recommendations on changes in the existing defense system that should increase the effectiveness and efficiency of strategic deterrence. The theoretical-methodological approach used a theoretical analysis and comparison of total defense concepts in different historical and geopolitical conditions, as well as a method concept development that can meet the requirements of strategic deterrence in the conditions of a modern multidimensional strategic environment.