Ljubomir Stajić

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Faculty of Law, University of Novi Sad

PERIODICS

PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMIC SECURITY

Economic security as a subsystem of national security contains economic, financial, social, political, security and other elements of protection of the interests of individuals and the community. Studying the goals of protection, economic security can be defined as part of the function of the national security system which represents the protection of the economic interest of the national economy from all types, forms and bearers of threats, ie it represents the system of economic security protection of the country. Theory and practice indicate the necessity and need to apply certain principles of economic security, which have the task of setting certain requirements before the state union, ie the security system, regarding the execution of security goals. Depending on the extent to which the authorities adhere to these principles, conclusions are drawn as to whether the system of economic security is feasible or not. Starting from the subject goal, we are of the opinion that the principles of economic security should still be based on similarity within the following groups: legal principles; economic principles; socio-political principles and security principles. Within the group of legal principles, we can single out: the principle of legality, the principle of protection of citizens' rights and protection of public interest, the principle of respect for freedom, human and civil rights, the principle of truth and the principle of evaluation of evidence. The group of socio-political principles includes: the principle of generality; the principle of conducting the proceedings in a language understandable to the party; the principle of expertise and professionalism and the principle of publicity. The group of security principles includes: the principle of indivisibility of security of the state and citizens; the principle of the application of coercive measures in accordance with the law; the principle of functional and organizational unity; the principle of hierarchy and subordination; the principle of professional secrecy and the principle of proportionality; the principle of effectiveness and efficiency of the security system, the principle of flexibility; and the principle of timeliness. The group of economic principles includes: the principle of continuity of business; the principle of minimizing administrative costs; principle of efficiency; principle of fact; the principle of acting in good faith.

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