Jovanka Šaranović

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PERIODICS

ASIAN-PACIFIC AND THE SINO-AMERICAN RIVALRY

In the following text authors analyze the growing tendency of Sino-American rivalry to further spiral out of control and potentially lead to deterioration of countries’ future relations. The rivalry is especially evident in the region of Asian-Pacific which geopolitical traits additionally intensify the conflicting interests of these great powers. For the US this means further delegitimization of its power, while for China this can solidify its growing leadership in the region. The conflicting interests of these powers imply future uncertainty in terms of the overall security trends in the Asia-Pacific. The vocal point of our research endeavor is the analysis of strategic commitments and ambitions of the US and China in the Asia-Pacific as a one of the most important geopolitical hubs in contemporary international politics. Comparing their ambitious policies, in which East and South-East China Sea have central places, clearly indicates to a long term clash of interests which further determines the conflicting context that will dominate the Sino-American bilateral relations. The conflicting character of bilateral relations of these great powers will also determine the overall political landscape of the region in the years to come in which uncertainty and complexity could lead towards potential clashes. The authors conclude that Sino-American rivalry will have a growing trend. Having this in mind as well as the growing polarization in world politics which has been strengthened by the pandemic of Corona virus, will put additional strains on the western-led international order. In such state of affairs the Sino-American rivalry can further escalate given the importance of Asia-Pacific as a global hub of economic and political activity.

PERIODICS

WAR TRANSFORMATION AT THE TURN OF THE 20TH TO THE 21ST CENTURY

During the Cold War, the key role in the war transformation had two post-war processes that took place simultaneously on the international arena. The first one was the indirect competition of a super powers for the global domination over neutral, nonaligned countries and the second one was the decolonization process. In the shadow of nuclear danger, the interaction of these processes resulted in a series of local civil wars in Third World countries behind which, as a rule, were the super powers, USA and USSR. This kind of conflict became more prevalent in the second half of the 20th century, and the traditional form of armed conflict between the states has almost disappeared. The characteristics of contemporary armed conflicts differed from traditional because one side of the conflict was a non-state actor. This has led to irregularities, nonlinearities and asymmetries of contemporary conflicts as its dominant characteristics. By strengthening Islamist transnational terrorist organizations in the period of the unipolar global order, nontraditional conflicts became global and, as such, they effectively disputed the conventional superiority of the western great powers in achieving the strategic interests. Thereby, at the beginning of the new century, international global terrorism became the key determinant of contemporary armed conflicts by what they were different considerably from the local civil conflicts from the Cold War era. The return of Russia as a great power and the rising of China’s power marked the beginning of the multipolar world. The military aspect of the foreign policy activities of the mentioned states, as well as other challengers of strategic interests of Western powers such as Iran and North Korea, is marked by the new concept of war. It included the full integration of military and non-military instruments of state power to achieve political goals in which the role of armed forces is minimized, concealed or even not necessary. This view of the new concept of war was the most significant novelty in the history of studying the war.

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