Dr. Ivan Matić

Doctor Ivan Matić is a Research Associate at the Institute for Political Studies. He earned his doctorate in 2020. for the thesis titled "The Doctrine of Natural Rights in the Classical Contract Theory" at the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade. His areas of research include the social contract theory, social anthropology, political economy and classical sciences. He has published one repertory as well as several articles and critiques in leading national journals.

CONTENDING MATERIALIST CONCEPTIONS OF THE ORIGIN OF THE STATE: ON THE DIVIDE BETWEEN MORGAN AND ENGELS

This paper will present a comparative analysis of two major materialist conceptions of the origin of the state, namely, those of Lewis Morgan and Friedrich Engels. The first part of the paper will offer a brief overview of the 17th century origins of this theory: the philosophical attempts to establish how the state came to be. Thereafter, we will look at how Morgan’s innovative approach enabled tremendous progress on this issue, offering, if not the answer to the question of the state’s origin, then at least the means of reaching it. The central part of the paper will present Engels’ attempt to create a theory of his own, featuring aspects of both Marx’s and Morgan’s thought: in this regard, we will focus on the fundamental elements that are shared between Morgan’s and Engels’ theories. Finally, the subject of the last part of the paper will be the divergence between the two authors: here, we will examine the theoretical limitations of Engels’ attempt to surpass Morgan’s work and point to a number of errors that proceeded therefrom.

PERIODICS

DO THE ENDS TRULY JUSTIFY THE MEANS? THE PROBLEM OF MORALITY AND LEGITIMACY IN MACHIAVELLI’S POLITICAL THOUGHT

The main goal of this paper is to present a detailed analysis of the problem of morality and legitimacy within the theoretical framework of the Renaissance thinker Niccolo Machiavelli. The following analysis will focus on the central principle of Machiavelli’s political ethics; I claim that, if correctly formulated and interpreted, it can be successfully used as a criterion for establishing the legitimacy of political decisions. The first part of the paper will present the overall framework of Machiavelli’s political thought, stressing the placement of the problems of morality and legitimacy within a theory that gives them little regard. The second part will be dedicated to the detailed analysis of the central maxim of Machiavelli’s political ethics, according to which morally problematic actions have to be justified by their outcome (Machiavelli 1985, 170), as well as its popular, simplified formulation, „the ends justify the meansˮ. The third part of the paper will examine and compare different interpretations which classify Machiavelli’s political thought as amoralistic, or immoralistic, after which we will offer an original interpretation which describes the political ethics of this Renaissance thinker as a unique form of moralism.

PERIODICS

U SENCI DREVNOG DRUŠTVA: ENGELSOVO POREKLO PORODICE

Osvrt na knjigu Poreklo porodice, privatne svojine i države Fridriha Engelsa (Friedrich Engels.1884. The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State. New York: Pathfinder Press, 180 p.)

PERIODICS

Ancient Society

Book review: (Lewis H. Morgan, Ancient Society, Chicago: Kerr, 593 p.