Faculty of Law, University of Belgrade
ON THE NOTION AND LEGAL NATURE OF THE UNSUCCESSFUL INCITEMENT
In the Serbian criminal legislation, as well as in most foreign legislations, the starting point is that under certain conditions, the instigator who unsuccessfully induces another to commit a crime also deserves punishment. Criminalpolitically, the punishability of unsuccessful (attempted) incitement is justified by a special danger to the protected good, which creates a person in the role of instigator by starting a causal course over which he no longer has power. Punishment, however, is conditioned by the nature and gravity of the crime to which it was incited. Although the provision prescribing unsuccessful incitement in Serbian Criminal Code is grouped among the provisions regulating complicity, it due to the absence of the main offence, ie. non-existence of a perpetrator of a criminal offence, does not represent a form of complicity, but a specific punishable preparatory action, which could be claimed to have characteristics of separate crime. In addition to the issue of the legal nature of unsuccessful incitement, the paper also discusses its manifestations, as well as the preconditions for the application of Article 34 (2) of the Criminal Code, which in Serbian criminal law stipulates liability for unsuccessful incitement. In considering these issues, the author uses the available domestic, as well as relevant foreign, primarily German literature, which pays somewhat more attention to this issue.