Institute for Political Studies
THE ROLE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY AND PARLIAMENTARY DIPLOMACY IN THE PROCESS OF EUROPEAN INTEGRATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
Serbia filed for EU membership after the Stabilization and Association Agreement was confirmed by the European Parliament in 2011, and it was granted candidate status on March 1, 2012. The first intergovernmental conference between Serbia and the EU was held in Brussels on January 21, 2014, marking the beginning of accession negotiations at the political level. The process of negotiations for membership in the European Union implies the participation of a large number of institutions of the European Union and the candidate countries. This paper aims to point out the importance and role of the National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia in the process of European integration, with a special focus on the two most important functions in the context of accession: control and legislative. The second part of the paper discusses the work of the Committee on European Integration and the importance it has in the process of membership negotiations. The last part of the paper will be dedicated to reviewing the cooperation between the National Assembly and the European Parliament, but also the importance and opportunities provided by parliamentary diplomacy with special reference to two initiatives, COSAC and COSAP, which are suitable frameworks for promoting Serbia's interests at European and regional level. The authors are of the opinion that, taking into account the current situation of EU enlargement policy, but also the growing importance of not only the European Parliament but also the parliaments of the member states throughout the accession process, parliamentary diplomacy in the EU integration process opens space for political dialogue and consideration of various issues of importance for the process of European integration of the Republic of Serbia.
EDUCATIONAL POLICY OF THE EUROPEAN UNION: STANDARDS AND CHALLENGES OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA’S АCCESSION PROCESS
As a country that has EU membership as its main foreign policy goal, the Republic of Serbia has been conducting negotiations for membership in the Union since 2014. This process involves negotiations that are divided into 35 chapters. The chapter that was first temporarily closed on the same day it was opened is Chapter 26, which deals with education and culture. The subject of this paper will be European education with a focus on the phases of development, goals, standards and instruments of European educational policy. The second part of the paper will be dedicated to a more detailed analysis of the conditions contained in Chapter 26 that Serbia has to meet in order to achieve compliance with the standards proclaimed by the EU. The last part of the paper shows the degree of harmonization of the education system of the Republic of Serbia with EU standards in the mentioned area. The author concludes that it is necessary to review the existing performance at all levels of education and especially to work on improving a greater degree of inclusion and accessibility of all levels of education.