Main topic

CHALLENGES OF SOCIAL PROTECTION OF CHILDREN AS A PARTICULAR SENSITIVE GROUP OF THE POPULATION

SUPPORTING DEVELOPMENT OF RESILIENCE AMONG CHILDREN IN FOSTER CARE

Abstract

The modern concept of social protection is directed towards empowerment of children and youth in foster care. As developmental trajectories of these children and young people are frequently marked with experiences of change, loss and trauma, it is of utmost importance to foster their capacity to cope with and overcome life’s difficulties. The development of resilience in this vulnerable group can be supported by providing suitable conditions in different aspects of their foster care functioning. The aim of this study was to examine which domains of foster family life are sources of strength and support for children and young people in foster care. Foster carers’ reports on 53 children and young people they care for wereanalysed. The sample consisted of 42 foster parents (33 women and 11 foster relatives) from Belgrade and Valjevo. Finding show that children and young people in our study drew the most strength and support from strong family relationships filled with warmth, love and concrete forms of support, as well as education that iscontinues, designed to meet the needs of the student and carried out through cooperation of the school and the foster parents. No differences were found between reports of foster parents from different cities, whilefoster care families based on the kinship relations were better suited to support resilience in children and young people. The implications of these findings are further discussed in the paper.

keywords :

References

    • Бургунд Анита,  Утицај личних и срединских фактора на младе у процесу припреме за напуштање алтернативног старања, докторска дисертација, Универзитет у Београду, Факултет политичких наука, 2017.
    • Закон о социјалној заштити, Службени гласник РС, бр. 24/2011.
    • Жегарац Невенка, У лавиринту социјалне заштите, Факултет политичких наука, Београд, 2014.
    • Конвенција Уједињених нација о правима детета, доступно на: http://www.ecmi.de.
    • Породични закон, Службени гласник РС, бр.18/2005, 72/2011 – др.закон и 6/2015.
    • Правилник о хранитељству, Службени гласник РС, бр.36/2008.
    • Coleman Јohn, Hagell Аnn, “The Nature of Risk and Resilience in Adolescence“, u Coleman Ј, Hagell А, Adolescence, Risk and Resiliance, Against the Odd, John Wiley & Sons, Sussex 2007, str. 1-16.
    • Craig A. Ollson, Lyndal Bond, Jane Burns, Vella-Brodrick Dianne, „Adolescent resilience: a concept analysis”, u Journal of Adolescence, Vol. 26,Wiley, Medford, 2003, str. 1-11.
    • Friborg Оddgeir, Hjemdal Odin, RosenvingeH. Jan, Martinussen Мonica, Aslaksen M. Per, Magne A. Flaten, “Resilience as a moderator of pain and stress” у Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Vol. 61, Wiley, Medford2006, str.213-219.
    • Kolar Кatarina,„Resilience: revisiting the concept and its utility for social research”, u International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, Springer US,2011, Vol. 9, str.421-433.
    • Liebenberg Linda, Ungar Michael, “The challenges in researching resilience”, u M. Ungar, Liebenberg L. (Eds.), Researching resilience, University of Toronto, 2009, str.3-25. 
    • Luthar S. Suniya, “Resilience in Development: A Synthesis of Research across Five Decades”, u zborniku D. Cicchetti, D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental Psychopathology: Risk, Disorder, and Adaptation, Wiley, New York, 2006, str. 739-795.
    • Masten S. Ann, Powell L. Jenifer, “A resilience framework for research, policy, and practice”, u S. Luthar (Ed.), Resilience and vulnerability: Adaptation in the context of childhood adversities, Cambridge University Press, 2003, str. 1-28
    • Masten, A. S., & Obradovic, J. (2006).Competence & resilience in development.Annals New York Academyof Sciences, 1094,13–27. Masten, A. S., & Powell, J. L.
    • Miller-Lewis R. Lauren., Searle K. Amelia., Sawyer G. Michael, Baghurst, A. Peter, Hedley Daren, “Resource factors for mental health resilience in early childhood: an analysis with multiple methodologies”, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 2013. Dostupno na: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3598384/
    • Sinclair Ian, Baker Claire, Wilson Kate, Gibbs Ian.Foster children: Where They Go and How They Get On, Jessica Kingsley Publishers, London, 2005.
    • Samuels Gina Miranda, Pryce M.Julia (2008). “What doesn’t kill you makes you stronger‟: Survivalist self-reliance as resilience and risk among young adults aging out of foster care”, Children and Youth Services Review, Vol.30, Issue 10, 1198 – 1210.
    • Terri A. deRoon-Cassini, Mancini D. Anthony, Rusch D. Mark, Bonanno A. George, “Psychopathology and Resilience Following Traumatic Injury: A Latent Growth Mixture Model Analysis” u  Rehabilitation Psychology, Vol. 55, No. 1, American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, 2010, str.1-11.
    • UNICEF, Guidelines for the Alternative Care, 2010, United Nations General Assembly.
PERIODICS Social policy 2/2020 2/2020 УДК 364.4-058.862(497.11) 33-53
ç