Main topic




The social implications of information communication technology (ICT), the Internet and cyberspace depend on economic, legal, and policy decisions. The Pandemic made a new reality that is shaping the Internet as it becomes institutionalized in each domain of its usage. This paper discusses the new reality of social existence during COVID-19 using three levels of analysis: macro, mezo and micro level analysis. During the COVID-19 pandemic, social distancing became part of everyday life worldwide and the home became an office. How does the COVID-19 threat suddenly transform institutional priorities and burst public-private sphere boundaries? Much of the debate over pandemics, the Internet and their influence on social capital is about whether the Internet attenuates users human relationships, or whether it serves to reinforce them in this new reality. There is a need to study the Internet more actively and, particularly, to synthesize research findings on the social implications of the Internet.

keywords :


    • Barlow, John Perry, Birkets, Sven, Kevin Kelly and Mark Slouka. 1995. “What Are We Doing On-Line?” Harper’s. 291, 35‒46.
    • Burrows, Mathew and Peter Engelke. 2020. What World POST-COVID-19? Three Scenarios, Atlantic Council: Scowcroft Center for Strategy and Security.
    • Calhoun, Craig. 1998. “Community without propinquity revisited: communication technology and the transformation of the urban public sphere.ˮ Sociological Inquiry, 68 (3): 373–397.
    • Castells, Manuel. 1996. The Rise of the Network Society. Vol. 1 of The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture. Oxford, UK: Blackwell’s.
    • China-CEE Institute 2021. “Serbia economy briefing: Economic Forecast for Serbia in 2021.ˮ March 8, 2021. Last access 4 May 2021
    • Congressional Budget Office [CBO] 2021. The Federal Budget in Fical Year 2020.
    • DiMaggio, Paul, Hargittai Eszter, Neuman Russell W., and John P. Robinson. 2001. “Social Implications of the Internet.ˮ, Annual Review of Sociology  27: 307–36.Foust, Jeff. 2021. “Russia continues discussions with China on lunar exploration cooperation.ˮ Space News. Last access April 4 2021., Axel 2000. “Does the Internet Make Us Lonely?ˮ. European Sociological Review 16 (4): 427‒438. Goffman, Erving. 1990. The presentation of self in everyday life, London: Penguin Books.
    • Habermas Jirgen. 1989. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.
    • International Monetary Fund [IMF] 2021. IMF Country Information.
    • Jeffrey C., Alexander. 2018. “The Societalization of Social Problems Sourceˮ. American Sociological Review 83 (6): 1049‒1078. doi:
    • Koku, Emmanuel, Nazer Nancy and Barry Wellman. 2001. “Netting Scholars: Online and Offline.ˮ American Behavioral Scientist, 44, 1750‒72.
    • Kraut, Robert, Patterson Michael, Lundmark Vicki, Kiesler Sara, Mukophadhyay Tridas and William Scherlis. 1998. “Internet paradox: A social technology that reduces social involvement and psychological well-being?.ˮ American Psychology 53 (9): 1011–1031.
    • Ku, Agnes. 1998. “Boundary Politics in the Public Sphere: Openness, Secrecy, and Leak.” Sociological Theory, 16 (2): 172–192.
    • Lukar, Ivana. 2020b. “Cyber terrorism threat and the pandemic.ˮ In International Scientific Conference The Euro-Atlantic Values In the Balkan Countries, Ed. in chief. Cane T Mojanoski, Bitola: University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Skopje: Faculty of Security. 1 (3): 29‒38. doi: 10.20544/ICP.11.01.20.p29.
    • Luknar, Ivana. 2020a. “Cybercrime-Emerging issue.ˮ In Archibald Reiss Days. Thematic Conference Proceedings of International Significance University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies, Ed. in chief. Stevo Jaćimovski. University of Criminal Investigation and Police Studies.  10: 621‒628. Belgrade:
    • Neuman, W.Russell, O’Donnell S.R., and  Steven M.Schneider. 1996. In: DiMaggio, P., Hargittai E., Neuman R.W., and Robinson P.J. 2001. “Social Implications of the Internet.ˮ Annual Review of Sociology 27, 316.
    • Nie, Norman. 2001. “Sociability, Interpersonal Relations, and the Internet: Reconciling Conflicting Findings.ˮ American Behavioral Scientist 45 (3): 420–435.
    • Nie, Norman.H and Erbring. Lutz. 2000. Internet and Society: A Preliminary Report. Stanford, CA; Institute for Quantitative Study of Society.
    • Parigi, Paolo and Warner Henson II. 2014. “Social Isolation in America.ˮ Annual Review of Sociology 40, 153‒171.
    • Schröder, Patrick 2021. “US-China relations: Turning crisis into opportunity?ˮ. Chatham House. Last access 26 March 2021.
    • Shah, Davan, Schmierbach, Michael, Hawkins, Joshua, Espino, Rodolfo, and Janet Donavan. 2002. “Nonrecursive models of the Internet use and community engagement: questioning whether time spent online erodes social capital.ˮ JGMC Quarterly 79 (4): 964‒987.
    • Wellman, Barry 2001. “Physical place and cyberplace: The rise of personalized networking.ˮ International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 25 (2): 227‒252.
    • Wellman, Barry, Quan-Haase, Anabel, Boase, Jeffrey and WenhongChen. 2002. “Examining the Internet in Everyday Life.ˮ Centre for Urban and Community Studies. University of Toronto. Last access
PERIODICS Serbian Political Thought 2/2021 2/2021 UDC 616.98:578.834]:004.738.5+316.6 225-235