ESSAYS AND STUDIES
REVISION OF THE DEYTON PEACE AGREEMENT – DEYTON 2
From the moment of the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement
is taking place a parallel process of “crawling” revision,
whose initiators are, above all, US diplomatic reprezentatives
headed by Richard Holbrooke, who is otherwise considered to be
the main creator of this international treaty.
Holbrook, on the one hand, boasted the peace aspekt of the
Agreement, and on the other hand, challenged its constitutional
segment contained in Annex 4, advocating for the adoption of
“Dayton 2” – a new agreement that would ensure more firm integration,
i.e., unitarization of BiH, which in fact reperesents a
direct attack on the equality of the constituent peoples and the
authonomy of the entities.
A continuous two-decades engagement on the factual revision
of the Dayton Agreement is the result of the recognition
that this internationally-verified document defines BiH as an impossible
state with low powers dysfunctional institutions. Using
the time period in the second half of the 1990s and early 2000s,
during which the Russian Federation could not and did not want
to interfere in the Balkan affairs, the US and the EU agreed on
“Bonn powers”, which they gave in 1997 to the High Representative
of the International community for BiH, the ability to interpret,
amend and implement the BiH Constitution, as well as
the power to remove democratically elected representatives of
nations in the entiteties, instead of constructively assisting to the
implementation of the Dayton Agreement.
Process of the “stabilization and association” to the EU,
also, during this time period involved the integration of complex
institutional structures in BiH, and the disagreements between
the entities represented an additional mitigating circumctances
for the implementation of the voluntary policy of the High Representatives.