Choose language:
Main topic

spt1/2012

“Responsibility to Protect” from Aggression

Abstract

In this article the author discusses about the relationship between a “Responsibility to protect” doctrine and crime of aggression, advocating further doctrinal development. The R2P doctrine is a new norm based on the idea that sovereignty is not a privilege, but a responsibility of states to protect civilians from horrors of genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and ethnic cleansing. Debatable in R2P doctrine is the fact that even if the crime of aggression is a part of the contemporary international criminal law, it is not part of the R2P. Pondering over the reasons for the exclusion of aggression, the author examines types of the aggression’s responsibilities, juxtaposes them to doctrinal goals and objectives, and perceives the crime of aggression as an additional control mechanism for the implementation of a R2P doctrine.

keywords :

References

    1. Audi, R. (1993) Action, Intention and Reason. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
    2. Bellamy, A. (2009) Responsibility to protect. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    3. Fuko, M. (2010) Spisi i razgovori. Beograd: Fedon.
    4. GCR2P (2009) Global Center For the Responsibility to Protect Report „Implementing the Responsibility to Protect The 2009 General Assembly Debate: An Assessment“, [online]. Available at: http://globalr2p.org/media/pdf/GCR2P_General_Assembly_Debate_Assessment.pdf [Accessed 21 February 2012].
    5. Sec.Report (2008) „Secretary-General Defends, Clarifies, ’Responsibilty To Protect’ at Berlin Event on „Responsible Sovereignty: International Cooperation for Changed World.“ [online]. Available at: http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2008/sgsm11701.doc.htm [Accessed 05 July 2011].
    6. Gowlland-Debbas, V. (2002) „The Relationship between Political and Judicial Organs of International Organisations: The Role of the Securiy Council in the New Intrernational Criminal Court“. In: De Chayournes, B., Romano, CP., Mackenyie, R. (eds.) International Organisations and International Dispute Settlement: Trends and Prospects. New York: Transational Publishers 195.
    7. ICJ (1962) „Advisory opinion on Certain Expenses of the United Nations (Article 17, paragraph 2, of the Charter)“, [online]. Available at: http://www.icj-cij.org/docket/files/49/5259.pdf [Accessed 21 February 2012].
    8. Pattison, J. (2010) Humanitarian Intervention & the Responsibility to Protect – Who Should Intevene. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    9. Pippan, C. (2011) „The 2011 Libyan Uprising, Foreign Military Intervention, and International Law“. Juridikum, (2): 159-169.
    10. RC/Res.6 (2010). „The crime of aggression“, [online]. Available at: http://www.icc-cpi.int/iccdocs/asp_docs/Resolutions/RC-Res.6-ENG.pdf [Accessed 21 February 2012].
    11. Res. P6_TA(2007) „European Parliament resolution on the situation in Darfur“, [online]. Available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//TEXT+TA+P6-TA-2007-0052+0+DOC+XML+V0//EN, [Accessed 21 February 2012].
    12. Res. P6_TA(2008) „European Parliament resolution of 22 May 2008 on Sudan and the International Criminal Court (ICC)“, [online]. Available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//TEXT+TA+P6-TA-2008-0238+0+DOC+XML+Vo//EN&language=EN
      [Accessed 21 February 2012].
    13. Scheffler, S. (2003) Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    14. SCRes. 1674 (2006). „Protection of civilians in armed conflict“, [online]. Available at: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N11/245/58/PDF/N1124558.pdf?OpenElement [Accessed 21 February 2012].
    15. SCRes. 1706 (2006) „Reports of the Secretary-General on the Sudan“, [online]. Available at: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N06/484/64/PDF/N0648464.pdf?OpenElement
      [Accessed 21 February 2012].
    16. SCRes. 1970 (2011).Peace and security in Africa“, [online]. Available at: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N11/245/58/PDF/N1124558.pdf?OpenElement
      [Accessed 21 February 2012].
    17. SCRes. 1973 (2011). „The situation in Libya“, [online]. Available at: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N11/268/39/PDF/N1126839.pdf?OpenElement [Accessed 21 February 2012].
    18. Von Feigenblatt, F. O. (2010) „International Policymaking the Case of the Norm of the Responsibilty to Protect“. ENTELEQUIA revista interdisciplinar, (11): 267- 272.
    19. Wong, J. (2009) „Reconstructing the Responsibility to Protect in the Wake of Cyclones and Separatism“. Tulane Law Review, (84): 219-263.
    20. World Summit Outcome (2005). „Draft resolution referred to the High-level Plenary Meeting of the General Assembly by the General Assembly at its fifty-ninth session”, [online]. Available at: http://responsibilitytoprotect.org/world%20summit%20outcome%20doc%202005%281%29.pdf [Accessed 20 February 2012].
    21. Yengejeh, S. M. (2004) „Reflections on the Role of the Security Council in Determining an Act of Aggression“. In: Politi, M., Nesi, G. (eds.) The International Criminal Court and the Crime of Aggression, Dartmouth: Ashgate.

     

PERIODICS Serbian Political Thought 1/2012eng 1/2012 UDC 327.56 49-65
ç