Main topic

ESSAYS AND STUDIES

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY IN POLITICAL SCIENCES

Abstract

The subject of this paper deals with the research methodology in the political sciences, from definition of topic, research question, subject, goals, hypotheses, methods, as well as the justification of the research. A research question is part of a research problem that narrows this part to one or more specific questions from which the subject of research is derived. The subject of research, in addition to the theoretical determination, also refers to the spatial, temporal and scientific-disciplinary determination. According to the problems and subjects of the research, the goals of the research are performed, and they refer to new or verification of existing scientific knowledge. Hypotheses represent the basic assumptions about the subject of research. In this paper, we have pointed out the classification, formation and testing of hypotheses. Mixed methods are increasingly used in research when combining elements of qualitative and quantitative methods allows a better understanding of the subject of research. The justification of the research includes scientific, methodological and social contribution and is necessary for all types of scientific papers, and especially for doctoral dissertations due to new scientific knowledge.

The aim of this paper is to describe and explain the methodology of scientific research that has been applied for decades in political science and other social sciences such as pedagogy, sociology, security, law and military sciences, and in the last decade in anthropology, medicine and in technical-technological, computer, mathematical and other sciences.

The results of this paper should contribute to a better understanding of research methodology in scientific papers, especially in master’s theses and doctoral dissertations, as well as to encourage young researchers to successfully conduct their research in political and other sciences.

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PERIODICS Serbian Political Thought 1/2021 1/2021 УДК 303:32.01 273-292
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