Main topic

INTERNATIONAL ISSUES

RENEWABLE SOURCES OF ENERGY AS A DETERMINANT OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC POLITICS OF SAUDI ARABIA IN THE 21ST CENTURY

Abstract

The energy policy of Saudi Arabia is discussed in this dissertation. Saudi Arabia as a state riched in oil, represents one of the world’s key factor in the energy field. However, oil is an energy gent which greatly contributes to environmental decline and climate changes. States and their citizens, well aware of potentional catastrophic consequences caused by overuse of unclean energy gents, are gradually turning towards renewable, green sources of energy which don’t violate our environment. Saudi Arabia is one of those states which has announced the turning point in its energy policy towards this type of energents. In relation to this, the dissertation intends to give an insight in its future plans concerning this matter, as well as to show what important role the renewable sources of energy have in its foreign and domestic policy.

keywords :

References

    • Albulescu, C. 2020. “Coronavirus and oil price crash”. Available at SSRN 3553452.
    • Becker, B. & Fischer, D. 2013. “Promoting renewable electricity generation in emerging economies”. Energy Policy, vol. 56, pp. 446-455, year 2013.
    • Bloomberg. 2018. “Why Saudi Arabia isn‘t meeting it‘s ambitious solar energy targets?”. 21. 5. 2019. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-12-16/why-saudi-arabia-isn-t-meeting-its-ambitious-solar-energy-targets
    • Đorđević, S. 2009. Analiza javnih politika. Čigoja štampa: Beograd.
    • EIA. 2018. “The United States is now the largest global crude oil producer”. 19.05.2019. https://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.php?id=37053
    • Esrafili-Dizaji, B & Kiani Harchegani, F. 2011. “Persia – Land of Black Gold”, Teheran: University of Teheran. 19.05.2019. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/264231898_Persia_Land_of_Black_Gold
    • Hopper, P. 2012. UnderstandingxDevelopment. Polity Press: Cambridge
    • Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen, S. I., Jollands, N., & Staudt, L. 2012. “Global governance for sustainable energy: The contribution of a global public goods approach”. Ecological Economics, 83, 11-18.
    • Klessmann, C, & Rathmann, M. & de Jager, D. & Gazzo, A. & Resch, G. 2013. “Policy options for reducing the costs of reaching the European renewables target”. Renewable Energy, vol. 57: 390-403.
    • Lippman, T. W. 2005. The Day FDR Met Saudi Arabia’s Ibn Saud. Americans for Middle East Understanding.
    • Milenković, D. 2017. ,,Javne politike Evropske unije i Republike Srbije u oblasti obnovljivih izvora energije i njihova praktična primena u Republici Srbiji”. Administracija i javne politike. Godina III, vol. 7: 7-27. Dostupno na: http://www.ips.ac.rs/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/CD-ADMINISTRACIJA-1-2017.pdf (приступљено: 10.06.2019)
    • Mosly, I. & Makki Anas A. 2018. “Current status and willingness to adopt renewable energy technologies in Saudi Arabia”. Sustainability, 10, 4269; doi:10.3390/su10114269
    • Nadić, D. 2007. Ekologizam i ekološke stranke. Beograd: Službeni glasnik.
    • Nadić, D. 2012. Ogledi iz političke ekologije. Beograd: Čigoja.
    • NEOM. н. д. 5. 5. 2020. https://www.neom.com/en-us/about/
    • Niblock, T. 2004. Saudi Arabia: Power, legitimacy and survival. Routledge: London.
    • Renewable Energy World. 2018. “The Saudis Just Can’t Seem to Become the Saudi Arabia of Solar.“ 20. 5. 2019. https://www.renewableenergyworld.com/baseload/the-saudis-just-cant-seem-to-become-the-saudi-arabia-of-solar/
    • Rezaei, M. & Kamal, S. & Payam Abbaszadeh C. 2013. “The Role of renewable energy in sustainable development: case study Iran”. Iranica Journal of Energy & Environment 4 (4): 320-329.
    • Said El Amin, S. & Al Shehri I. 2004. Renewable energy potentials in Saudi Arabia. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/237434620_Renewable_Energy_Potentials_in_Saudi_Arabia
    • Stone, D. 2008. “Global Public Policy, Transnational Policy Communities, and Their Networks Policy”. Studies Journal, Vol. 36 (No.1):19-38. doi:10.1111/j.1541-0072.2007.00251.
    • Terry Lynn K., 2004. “Oil- led development: social, political and economic consequenes”. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/251847370_Oil-Led_Development_Social_Political_and_Economic_Consequences (приступљено: 20.05.2019)
    • The Atlantic. 2015. “Why the Saudis are going Solar?”. 21. 5. 2019. https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2015/07/saudis-solar-energy/395315/
    • UFCCC. 2015. “United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Paris Climate Change Conference”, 20.5.2019. http://unfccc.int/meetings/paris_nov_2015/meeting/8926.php
    • Vision 2030. 2017. 20. 5. 2019. https://vision2030.gov.sa/sites/default/files/report/Saudi_Vision2030_EN_2017.pdf
    • Visković, I. 2018. Determinante spoljne politike Srbije: Teorijski model i njegova primena“. Međunarodna politika, LXIX, br. 1169: 5-31.
    • Winkler, H. 2007. “Energy policies for sustainable development in South Africa.” Energy for Sustainable Development, Volume 11, Issue 1: 26-34.
PERIODICS Political Review 1/2021 1/2021 УДК 620.9:32(532)“20“ 167-188
ç