Main topic

ESSAYS AND STUDIES

PROTECTION OF PRIVACY RIGHTS IN THE WORKPLACE

Abstract

The right to privacy, in private and family life, home and correspondence, as one of the human rights, is guaranteed by the Constitution of the Republic of Serbia and numerous international acts. Employees, as human beings, also enjoy this right. However, due to the modernization of work, which is a product of globalization, the right to privacy in the workplace has become questionable. The work before us deals with the questions of to what extent this right of the employee can be limited and for what reasons. There is no universal definition of “privacy”, so to clarify this term, examples from the practice of the European Court of Human Rights, the courts of Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia in this area will be presented. In that way, it will give a comprehensive approach to how privacy rights in the workplace are defined and how they are regulated in court practice. The analysis of the exposed cases will lead to the conclusion that this right in the workplace is not absolute and that it can be limited in certain situations and for certain reasons that both the employer and the employee must adhere to.

keywords :

References

    • Boštjan, Tratar. 2017. „Pravna osoba (Persona facta) kao titular ljudskog prava na privatnost – u Sloveniji i komparativno.” Pravni vjesnik: Časopis za pravne i društvene znanosti. 33 (2): 9-27. doi: https://doi.org/10.25234/pv/5177.
    • Case of Barbulescu v. Romania, Judgement of the Court (Merits and Just Satisfaction) ECLI:CE:ECHR:2017:09056149608.
    • Case of Copland v. The United Kingdom, Judgement of the Court (Merits and Just Satisfaction) ECLI:CE:ECHR:2007:0703JUD006261700; Halford v. The United Kingdom, Judgement of the Court (Merits and Just Satisfaction) ECLI:CE:ECHR:1997:0625JUD002060592
    • Case of Denisov v. Ukraine, Judgement of the Court (Merits and Just Satisfaction) ECLI:CE:ECHR:2018:0925JUD007663911.
    • Case of Kruslin v. France, Judgement of the Court (Merits and Just Satisfaction) ECLI:CE:ECHR:1990:0424JUD001180185.
    • Case of Lopez Ribalda and Others v. Spain, Judgement of the Court (Merits and Just Satisfaction) ECLI:CE:ECHR:2019:1017187413.
    • Case of Niemietz v.Germany, Judgement of the Court (Merits and Just Satisfaction) ECLI:CE:ECHR:1992:1216JUD001371088.
    • Case of Peev v. Bulgaria, Judgement of the Court (Merits and Just Satisfaction) ECLI:CE:ECHR:2007:1026JUD006420901.
    • Case of Roemen and Schmit v.Luxembourg, Judgement of the Court (Merits and Just Satisfaction) ECLI:CE:ECHR:2003:0525JUD005177299
    • Case of Аntović and Mirković v. Montenegro,Judgement of the Court (Merits and Just Satisfaction) ECLI:CE:ECHR:2018:02287083813.
    • Danilović, Jelena. 2017. „Pravo na privatnost zaposlenih.” Anali Pravnog fakulteta u Beogradu.
    • Direktiva 95/46/EZ o zaštiti fizičkih lica u pogledu postupanja sa ličnim podacima (Official Journal of the European Union, C 83&389).
    • Friedman, Barry, and Lisa J. Reed. 2007. “Workplace Privacy: Employee Relations and Legal Implications of Monitoring Employee e-mail Use.” Employee Responsabilities and Rights Journal.
    • Guerin, J.D Lisa. 2011. Employment law – The Essential HR Desk Reference. Nolo.
    • Lugaresi, Nicola. 2010. “Electronic privacy at workplace, Transparency and responsibility.” International Review of Law, Computers&Technology.
    • Međunarodni pakt o građanskim i političkim pravima (Sl.list SFRJ 7/71).
    • Presuda Apelacionog suda u Novom Sadu Gž1 651/13 od 15.05.2013. godine.
    • Presuda Višeg suda u Podgorici Gž 4259/15 od 02.10.2015. godine.
    • Presuda Višeg suda u Podgorici Gž 6926/17 od 20.03.2018. godine.
    • Presuda Vrhovnog kasacionog suda Rev 2197/16 od 22.06.2017. godine.
    • Presuda Vrhovnog kasacionog suda Rev2 1931/20 od 18.11.2020. godine
    • Presuda Vrhovnog kasacionog suda Rev2 665/15 od 23.12.2015. godine.
    • Presuda Vrhovnog suda Hrvatske Revr 1803/09 od 15.09.2011. godine
    • Presuda Vrhovnog suda Hrvatske Revr 20/14 od 16.12.2014. godine
    • Presuda Vrhovnog suda Hrvatske Revr 85/14 od 21.01.2015. godine
    • Reinhard, Hans – Joackim. 2002. “Information technology and worker՚s privacy: comparative study Part III: recurring questions of comparative law.” Comparative labour law&Policy Journal.
    • Rešenje Vrhovnog kasacionog suda Rev2 2331/19 od 04.06.2020. godine.
    • Roagna, Ivana. 2012. Zaštita prava na poštovanje privatnog i porodičnog života u skladu sa Evropskom Konvencijom o ljudskim pravima. Strazbur: Veće Evrope.
    • Univerzalna deklaracija o ljudskim pravima Ujedinjenih nacija,
    • Ustav Republike Srbije („Službeni Glasnik RS“ broj 98/06).
    • Zakon o elektronskim komunikacijama [ZEK], „Službeni glasnik RS”, broj 44/10 … 95/18.
    • Zakon o ratifikaciji EKLjP (Sl.list SCG – Međunarodni ugovori 9/03,5/05,7/05; Sl. Glasnik RS – Međunarodni ugovori 12/10,10/15).
    • Zakon o zaštiti podataka o ličnosti [ZZPL], „Službeni glasnik RS”, broj 87/18.
    • Zakonu o radu [ZR], „Službeni glasnik RS”, broj 24/05 … 95/18.
PERIODICS Serbian Political Thought 2/2021 2/2021 УДК 342.738:349.24 236-250
ç