Main topic

FOREIGN POLICY OF ITALY AND GERMANY

ITALIAN POLICY IN SOUTH AND EAST MEDITERRANEAN

Abstract

Italian policy in South and East Mediterranean could be understood best by applying the Italian neoclassical school of geopolitics. Author first explaines validity of this approach among other possible theoretical backgrounds. He adopts content analysis, economic statistics and geopolitical analysis in order to research the issue. Italy is important player in the macro-region of Mediterranean. Particularly troubled and challenging processes in this part of the world require particular attention of researcher. One way of understanding the processes is looking through the prism of Rome. Author explained the roots of contemporary policy of Italy, geopolitical and economic factors and internal policy. He briefly analysed strategic choices of Italian policies in this part of the world in previous period. Paper is divided in three unequal parts of which central is subdivided in four parts with examination of sources, geopolitical importance of Mare Nostrum for Italy, usage of military missions, relations with Libya, Egypt and Turkey, as three key economic and political countries for Italian politics in that part of the world. He explained interest of Italy in Libya and deterioration of its positions in that country, in paralel with betterment of relations with Egypt where its economic interest are not endangered by other foreign countries, like in Libya. Finally, author emphasizes the role of the political will in conducting foreign policy and claims that Rome lost part of its positions despite of geopolitical, historic and economic importance of this macro-region for Romes’ politics, due to influence of external formal and informal actors on forming foreign and internal policies in the Appenines.

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PERIODICS National Interest 3/2020 3/2020 УДК 327::911.3(450)(262) 159-186
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