SERBIA – CONTEMPORARY SOCIAL AND POLITICAL CHALLENGES
INSTITUTIONAL SUPPRESSION OF CORRUPTION – POST-YUGOSLAV INSIGHTS
The paper focuses on the normative analysis of anti – corruption institutional engineering in the countries of the former Yugoslavia. Based on the analysis of the content of the national anti-corruption normative acts of the post-Yugoslav republics, the findings on the institutional logic of combating corruption as an informal institution and systemic deviation are reached. The effects of preventive and repressive suppression of corruption in the post-Yugoslav republics indicate that the best results in institutional design are achieved by constituting new independent institutions rather than redesigning existing ones. Comparative experiences of criminal law reactions to corrupt forms of crime indicate a disproportion between the number of acts issued by repressive bodies (number of criminal charges, indictments and final convictions) and the absence of statistical data on the number of prosecuted public officials.
A uniform methodology for monitoring criminal cases with a corrupt element has not been established in most post-Yugoslav republics, which introduces bias into the work of repressive bodies and makes it impossible to plan criminal policy. The police compile statistics based on the number of reported crimes, the prosecution records the number of reported persons and court statistics are based on the number of cases (which is additionally unreliable because the number of cases often does not correspond to the number of cases). It is necessary to establish a single record for corruption offenses that would allow the exchange of information and databases between all bodies relevant to the supression of corruption.