Main topic

ESPECIALLY VULNERABLE POPULATION GROUPS FACING DISCRIMINATION, INJUSTICE AND INEQUALITY

ANALYSIS OF NORMS AND PRACTICES FOR PREVENTING VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN IN SERBIA

Abstract

Gender-based violence is considered one of the most widespread and drastic forms of violation of women’s human rights and violation of human dignity and is one of the most common forms of discrimination against women. This paper focuses on presenting a set of internationally transferable standards important for the practice of social services with women affected by partner violence and to analyze national documents and guidelines for the actions of relevant institutions in cases of violence against women. The main hypothesis of the paper is that the adoption and ratification of international conventions, including the Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence, is an initial step towards achieving the principle of zero tolerance for violence and integrates this principle into national policies crucial for development society. This study showed that in the Republic of Serbia there is a legal and institutional framework for the prevention of violence against women, but that strategic measures and laws are not sufficiently effective, ie comprehensive and coordinated in protecting women from all forms of violence.

keywords :

References

    • Константиновић-Вилић, С., и Н. Петрушић. “Кривично дело насиља у породици–актуелна правосудна пракса у Београду и Нишу.” Београд: Аутономни женски центар (2007).
    • Mreža „Žene protiv nasilja“  [ŽPN]. Последњи приступ: 10.04.2021. https://www.zeneprotivnasilja.net/femicid-u-srbiji
    • Министарство правде. Последњи приступ: 08.04.2021.  https://iskljucinasilje.rs/rs/statistika-juli-2020/
    • Правилник о ближим условима и стандардима за пружање услуге СОС телефона за жене са искуством насиља (“Службени гласник РС”, бр. 93/2015)
    • Републички завод за статистику („Службени гласник РС“, бр. 44/14, 14/15, 54/15 и 96/15).
    • Закон о потврђивању Конвенције Савета Европе о спречавању и борби против насиља над женама и насиља у породици, Службени гласник РС – међународни уговори, бр. 12/2013.
    • Закон о спречавању насиља у породици, Сл. гласник РС. Бр. 94 (2016)
    • Закон о изменама и допунама Кривичног законика („Сл. гласник РС“, бр. 94/2016)
    • Balić, Sandra, Deniza Divanović, and Neven Ricijaš. “Nasilje i ubojstva među intimnim partnerima.” Kriminologija i socijalna integracija-casopis za kriminologiju, penologiju i poremecaje u ponasanju 9, no. 1-2 (2001): 71-84.
    • Blagojević, Marina. “Muški identiteti i nasilje na Balkanu.” Zeničke sveske-Časopis za društvenu fenomenologiju i kulturnu dijalogiku 17 (2013): 98-110.
    • Boskovic, Milica S., ed. Globalization and Its Impact on Violence Against Vulnerable Groups. IGI Global, 2019.
    • Campbell, Andrew M. “An increasing risk of family violence during the Covid-19 pandemic: Strengthening community collaborations to save lives.” Forensic Science International: Reports 2 (2020): 100089.
    • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “National Centre for Injury Prevention and Control: Costs of IPV against women in the United States.” Centre for Disease Control and Prevention. Atlanta (GA) (2003).
    • de Lima, Caio Augusto, Paula Monikee Rezende Alves, Carla Jaciara Baraúna de Oliveira, Thaísa Rodrigues Nascimento de Oliveira, Katricia Beatriz Barbosa, Henrique Cardoso Marcene, and Stefan Vilges de Oliveira. “Letter to the editor: COVID-19: isolations, quarantines and domestic violence in rural areas.” SciMedicine Journal 2, no. 1 (2020): 44-45.
    • de l’Europe, Conseil. Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combatting Violence Against Women and Domestic Violence: Istanbul, 11. V. 2011. Editions du Conseil de l’Europe, 2011.
    • Dobash, R. Emerson, Russell P. Dobash, Kate Cavanagh, and Juanjo Medina-Ariza. “Lethal and nonlethal violence against an intimate female partner: Comparing male murderers to nonlethal abusers.” Violence against women 13, no. 4 (2007): 329-353.
    • Đurđević, Sanja. Porodični odnosi u vreme pandemije, Međunarodna naučna konferencija:ALOS 2020, Beograd, Visoka škola socijalnog rada, 2021. Zbornik apstrakata:str:84
    • European Union. Agency for Fundamental Rights. Последњи приступ: 10.03.2021 https://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_uploads/fra-2014-vavsurvei-main-results-apr14_en.pdf.
    • Grierson, Jamie. “Domestic abuse killings ‘more than double’amid Covid-19 lockdown.” The Guardian 15 (2020).
    • Humphries, Drew, ed. Women, violence, and the media: Readings in feminist criminology. UPNE, 2009.
    • Ignjatović, Tanja. Nasilje prema ženama u intimnom partnerskom odnosu: model koordiniranog odgovora zajednice. Rekonstrukcija Ženski fond, 2011.
    • Jewkes, Rachel. “Intimate partner violence: causes and prevention.” The lancet 359, no. 9315 (2002): 1423-1429.
    • Jovanović, Slađana, Biljana Simeunović-Patić, and Vanja Macanović. “Krivičnopravni odgovor na nasilje u porodici u Vojvodini.” Novi Sad: Pokrajinski sekretarijat za rad, zapošljavanje i ravnopravnost polova (2012).
    • Jugović, Aleksandar, Jasenka Jugović, and Dragica Bogetić. “Socio-kulturni kontekst i karakteristike nasilja nad ženama u Srbiji.” Yearbook of the Faculty of Political Sciences/Godisnjak Fakultet Politickih Nauka Beograd 10, no. 16 (2016).
    • Kaur, Prabhjot, and Anupa Prashant Koli. “COVID-19 LOCKDOWN AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.” Journal of Critical Reviews 7, no. 19 (2020): 3247-3255.
    • Kim, Jim Yong. “Remarks at CARE Conference on Gender Equality, Washington, DC, March 5, 2014.” (2014).
    • Ministarstvo zdravlja (2011). Posebni protokol Ministarstva zdravlja Republike Srbije za zaštitu i postupanje sa ženama koje su izložene nasilju, Beograd.
    • Ministarstvo rada, zapošljavanja i socijalne politike (2013). Posebni protokol o postupanju centra za socijalni rad – organa starateljstva u sluēajevima nasilja u porodici i ženama u partnerskim odnosima, Beograd.
    • Mreža “Žene protiv nasilja” (ŽPN) Poslednji pristup: 01.03.2021. http://www.zeneprotivnasilja.net/femicid-u-srbiji
    • Mršević, Zorica. “Nasilje i mi–domaće nasilje u Republici Srpskoj.” Beograd: Institut društvenih nauka (2014).
    • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC) Последњи приступ: 10.04.2021. https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/ipvbook-a.pdf
    • Ndedi, A. A., and J. Kem. “Framework in ending violence against women and girls with the advent of the COVID 19 from an African perspective.” SSRN J (2020).
    • OSCE Mission to Serbia. Последњи приступ: 01.03.2021. Последњи приступ:10.04.2021 https://www.osce.org/mission-to-serbia
    • Pajvančić, Marijana, Nevena Petrušić, Sanja Nikolin, Aleksandra Vladisavljević, and Višnja Baćanović. “Rodna analiza odgovora na COVID-19.” (2020) Последњи приступ: 08.04.2021. https://www.osce.org/files/f/documents/3/9/459391.pdf
    • Petrušić, Nevena. “„Praćenje primene Konvencije o eliminisanju svih oblika diskriminacije žena (CEDAW)“, Izveštavanje po Konvenciji o eliminaciji svih oblika diskriminacije nad ženama.” (2007).
    • Posebni protokol za pravosuđe u slučajevima nasilja nad ženama u porodici i partnerskim odnosima. Beograd: Republika Srbija-Ministarstvo pravde i državne uprave, 2014, broj: 119-01-00130/2013-05, 14. 1
    • Roesch, Elisabeth, Avni Amin, Jhumka Gupta, and Claudia García-Moreno. “Violence against women during covid-19 pandemic restrictions.” (2020).
    • Spasić, Danijela, Dag Kolarević, i Zoran Luković. “Femicid u partnerskim odnosima.” Temida 20, no. 3 (2017).
    • Special Eurobarometer 449 – November 2016 “Gender-based violence” Report Linguistic version EN Catalogue number DS-01-16-901-EN-N ISBN 978-92-79-62608-1 doi:10.2838/009088 Последњи приступ: 01.03.2021. file:///C:/Users/djurd/Downloads/ebs_449_en.pdf
    • Tanjug. 2021. „U 2020 – 11.000 slučajeva porodičnog nasilja, ubijeno 15 žena“ .  17. avgust 2020. https://www.rtv.rs/sr_lat/drustvo/u-2020-11.000-slucajeva-porodicnog-nasilja-ubijeno-15-zena_1153692.html (Tanjug, 2021)
    • UN WOMEN: April 6, 2020. Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, Executive Director of UN Women „Violence against women and girls: the shadow pandemic“. Последњи приступ: 10.04.2021. https://www.unwomen.org/en/news/stories/2020/4/statement-ed-phumzile-violence-against-women-during-pandemic
    • Usher, Kim, Navjot Bhullar, Joanne Durkin, Naomi Gyamfi, and Debra Jackson. “Family violence and COVID‐19: Increased vulnerability and reduced options for support.” (2020): 549-552.
    • Van Gelder, N., A. Peterman, A. Potts, M. O’Donnell, K. Thompson, N. Shah, and S. Oertelt-Prigione. “COVID-19: Reducing the risk of infection might increase the risk of intimate partner violence.” EClinicalMedicine 21 (2020).
    • Vlada Republike Srbije (2011). Opšti protokol o postupanju i saradnji ustanova, organa i organizacija u situacijama nasilja nad ženama u porodici i u partnerskom odnosu, Beograd.
    • Westmarland, Nicole, and Hannah Bows. Researching gender, violence and abuse: Theory, methods, action. Routledge, 2018.
    • World Health Organization. Global and regional estimates of violence against women: prevalence and health effects of intimate partner violence and non-partner sexual violence. World Health Organization, 2013.
PERIODICS Social Policy 1/2021 1/2021 УДК 364.63-053.2(497.11) 7-23
ç